Latest Income Tax Slab Rates FY 2019-20 (AY 2020-21)


What are the Latest Income Tax Slab Rates FY 2019-20 (AY 2020-21) after the Budget 2019? Is there any changes to applicable tax rates for individuals? Let us see the details.

I already covered the Budget 2019 related posts and you may refer them for your better understanding.

In this post, my concentration is to share you about the Latest Income Tax Slab Rates FY 2019-20 (AY 2020-21) and applicable Security Transaction Tax (STT).

The difference between Gross Income and Total Income or Taxable Income?

Before jumping into Latest Income Tax Slab Rates FY 2019-20 (AY 2020-21), first understand the difference between Gross Income and Total Income.

Many of us have the confusion of understanding what is Gross Income and what is Total Income or Taxable Income. Also, we calculate the income tax on Gross Income. This is completely wrong. The income tax will be chargeable on Total Income. Hence, it is very much important to understand the difference.

Gross Total Income means total income under the heads of Salaries, Income from house property, Profits and gains of business or profession, Capital Gains or income from other sources before making any deductions under Sections.80C to 80U.

Total Income or Taxable Income means Gross Total Income reduced by the amount of permissible as deductions under Sec.80C to 80U.

Therefore your Total Income or Taxable Income will always be less than the Gross Total Income.

Latest Income Tax Slab Rates FY 2019-20 (AY 2020-21)

There are three categories of individuals based on the age of taxpayer.

  1. Individuals whose age below 60 years.
  2. Senior Citizens whose age is 60 years and above but less than 80 years.
  3. Super Senior Citizens whose age is 80 years and above.

Hence, based on these three categories of individuals I have separated them and Latest Income Tax Slab Rates for FY 2019-20 (AY 2020-21) are as below.

Latest Income Tax Slab Rates for FY 2019-20 (AY 2020-21)

Note: – Along with the applicable taxes, you have to additional surcharges at below rates.

  • Surcharge:
    • 10% surcharge on income tax if the total income exceeds Rs.50 Lakhs but below Rs.1 Cr.
    • 15% surcharge on income tax if the total income exceeds Rs.1 Cr.
  • Health and Education cess : 4% cess on income tax including surcharge. This Health and Education Cess replaced the earlier 2% Education Cess and 1% Secondary and Higher Education Cess from Budget 2018.

You notice that there is no change in Income Tax Slab Rates for FY 2019-20. Then how can be it is judged that there is no tax on an individual whose income is up to Rs.5,00,00?

The reason is the change in Sec.87A in the Budget 2019. Earlier the limit under Sec.87A was up to Rs.3,50,000 and the deduction permissable was Rs.2,500. Now it is increased to Rs.5,00,000 and the deduction available is Rs.12,500. Refer my latest post on this (Revised Tax Rebate under Sec.87A after Budget 2019 ).

How to calculate Income Tax on your net or total income?

Now we understood the Latest Income Tax Slab Rates FY 2019-20 (AY 2020-21) . However, how to calculate the tax on our total income and how much is the tax benefits from Budget 2019 changes?

Let us not take few examples and calculate the income tax amount.

# If you are under 30% Tax Slab and below 60 years of age

Let us say your next taxable income (after all deductions like Sec.80C and all) Rs.15,00,000.

Up to Rs.2,50,000-NIL

Rs.2,50,001 to Rs.5,00,000-Rs.12,500  @5%.

Rs.5,00,001 to Rs.10,00,000-Rs.1,00,000 @20%

Rs.10,00,001 and above (in this case Rs.15,00,000)=Rs.1,50,000 @30%.

So total tax will be Rs.12,500+Rs.1,00,000+Rs.1,50,000=Rs.2,62,500.

# If you are under 20% Tax Slab and below 60 years of age

Let us say your next taxable income (after all deductions like Sec.80C and all) Rs.7,00,000.

Up to Rs.2,50,000-NIL

Rs.2,50,001 to Rs.5,00,000-Rs.12,500 @5%.

Rs.5,00,001 to Rs.7,00,000=Rs.40,000 @20%

Therefore, the total tax will be Rs.12,500+Rs.40,000=Rs.52,500.

# If you are under 10% Tax Slab and below 60 years of age

Let us say your income is Rs.4,00,000

Up to Rs.2,50,000-NIL

Rs.2,50,001 to Rs.4,00,000-Rs.7,500 @5%.

However, using Sec.87A of IT Act, your tax liability will be ZERO.

An individual who is resident Indian and whose total income does not exceed Rs. 5,00,000 is entitled to claim rebate under section 87A up to Rs.12,500.

Security Transaction Tax (STT) for FY 2019-20 (AY 2020-21)

Security Transaction Charges or STT is the charges or tax when you buy or sell securities (excluding commodities and currency) through a recognized stock exchange.

The definition of securities involves the below products.

  • Shares, scrips, stocks, bonds, debentures, debenture stock or other marketable securities of a like nature in or of any incorporated company or other body corporate;
  • Derivatives;
  • units or any other instrument issued by any collective investment scheme to the investors in such schemes;
  • Security receipt as defined in section 2(zg) of the Securitisation and Reconstruction of Financial Assets and Enforcement of Security Interest Act, 2002;
  • Government securities of equity nature;
  • Rights or interest in securities;
  • Equity-oriented mutual funds

Therefore, whenever you buy and sell these securities through a recognized stock exchange, then you have to pay this STT.

Now let us understand the latest Security Transaction Tax (STT) applicable for FY 2019-20 (AY 2020-21).

Security Tranction Tax (STT) Rates for FY 2019-20

Hope now you became familiar with Latest Income Tax Slab Rates for FY 2019-20 (AY 2020-21) and also the way we can calculate our income tax liability (in simple terms). Any doubts??





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