Which are the Top 5 Best ELSS Tax Saving Mutual Funds 2019? How to choose them for your tax saving as well as for long term growth?
Recently I wrote a post Top 10 Best SIP Mutual Funds to invest in India in 2019. In that post, I have not covered ELSS or Tax Saving Mutual Funds. Because yearly I used to write a separate for ELSS Funds. Hence, following the trend, I am writing this post.
What are ELSS or Tax Saving Mutual Funds?
- ELSS (Equity Linked Savings Scheme) or Tax Saving Mutual Funds are the special funds which are meant for tax saving purpose under the Sec.80C of IT Act.
- As per the recent SEBI Recategorization, ELSS funds are those funds whose minimum investment in equity or equity-oriented instruments for at least 80% of AUM.
- Lock-in period of ELSS or Tax Saving Mutual Funds is 3 years. This is the lowest lock-in period among all tax saving instruments you invest. However, do remember that each investment (monthly SIP) is considered as a fresh investment. Hence, such each investment or monthly SIP must complete 3 years for liquidating. Let us say you started the monthly SIP on 1st January 2017, then the first SIP will be eligible for withdrawal after 3 years completion means after 1st January 2020. Same way 1st February 2017 SIP will be eligible for withdrawal after 1st February 2020. It will continue like that. Never be in wrong belief that one year SIP in ELSS funds means after 3 years can withdraw FULLY. You have to wait for fourth-year completion to completely withdraw the amount.
- ELSS falls under EEE tax rule (Exempt-Exempt-Exempt). There will be tax benefit during investment, no tax on whatever you earn and no tax at the time of withdrawal. This includes the divided declared from such funds are also tax-free in the hands of investors.
- The monthly investment required is as low as like Rs.500. There is no maximum limit. But the maximum tax benefit under Sec.80C is Rs.1.50,000 as of now.
- All ELSS or Tax Saving mutual funds will not have
sameinvestment mandate or never feel that they all invest in samestocks or sectors. Based on the fund mandate, they have rightsto invest accordingly. Hence, you must understand the fund portfolio before jumping into investment.
- Never invest in ELSS or Tax Saving mutual funds with the intention that after 3 years you can easily come out investment with POSITIVE returns. This is the equity product. Hence, enter into such products only if you are ready to wait for more than 5 years or so.
- Tax Saving ALONE will not be your motive to invest in such products. You must have a proper financial goal in mind and along with that proper asset allocation a MUST. If you are unable to do that then it is a sheer waste of investing randomly.
Why you have to invest in ELSS or Tax Saving Mutual Funds?
# You must have long-term holding period to invest (strictly not less than 5 years).
# You must invest in such funds only if you have a proper financial goal.
# You must do the proper asset allocation between debt and equity or among other assets based on the time horizon of your financial goal.
If the goal is below 5 years-Don’t touch equity product. Use the debt products of your choice like FDs, RDs or Debt Funds.
If the goal is 5 years to 10 years-Allocate debt:equity in the ratio of 60:40.
If the goal is more than 10 years-Allocate debt:equity in the ratio of 40:60.
# You must have proper return expectation of your OWN before jumping into investment.
# You must know what is your portfolio return expectation when you combine both debt and equity.
# Finally, if you are feeling the shortfall in tax saving benefit under Sec.80C limit.
Notice that I gave the priority of tax saving the LEAST. So understand first then jump into investment.
Taxation of ELSS Tax Saving Mutual Funds for 2019-20
ELSS or Tax Saving Mutual Funds are considered as equity mutual funds for tax treatment. Hence, they are taxed accordingly. I tried to explain the same in
The rate of taxation is as below for the current FY.
Also, refer the applicable DDT rates for Equity and Debt Funds after the Budget 2019.
Hope the taxation part is clear to all of you. If you still have doubt, then refer my latest post “Mutual Fund Taxation FY 2019-20“.
How I selected the Top 5 Best ELSS Tax Saving Mutual Funds 2019?
After SEBI Recategorization, the funds are clearly defined and the same applies to ELSS also. As I pointed above, the ELSS or Tax Saving Mutual Funds are those funds who invest minimum 80% of their AUM in equity or equity oriented instruments.
Hence, fund manager now has a mandate to invest in any market cap of the market without bothering the fund mandate. The only thing he has to keep in mind that he has to mantian at least 80% of the AUM should be in equity or equity oriented instruments.
This gave the fund manager a full freedom to choose as per his wishes. But this poses the risk to investors also. Especially to those who BLINDLY invest for the same of tax saving.
As you may be aware Large Cap stocks are stable stocks, then comes the
However, due to the fund manager mandate, he can move your money to any market by posing you the RISK which you may not be aware about it.
Hence, eventhough funds benchmarked their fund towards large cap may be investing heavily in mid or small cap.
Considering all these factors it is not wise to compare ELSS funds with respect to the benchmark they set to track the performance. Because of this, I consider the benchmark to screen these funds is Nifty Large Mid Cap Index 250 Index.
Hence, I used the Freefincal Equity Mutual Fund outperformance screener. Using this calculator, you can easily shortlist the funds with respect to the rolling return outperformance score for more than 70% consistency with regard to the Nifty large Midcap 250 Index over 5 years.
This means that suppose we calculate the return over 5Y in 700 different periods, the fund should have beat the index at least 490 times or more.
Along with this, you can also shortlist the fund by selecting the downside protection consistency score of greater than or equal to 70% with regard to theNifty large Midcap 250 Index.
After doing this, I found the below funds.
- Aditya Birla Sun Life Tax Relief ’96 – Growth – Direct Plan
- Axis Long Term Equity Fund-Direct Plan – Growth Option
- DSP BlackRock Tax Saver Fund-Direct Plan – Growth
- IDFC Tax Advantage (ELSS) Fund-Direct Plan-Growth
- Invesco India Tax Plan – Direct Plan – Growth
- JM Tax Gain Fund (Direct) – Growth Option
- Quant Tax Plan-Growth Option-Direct Plan
- IDBI Equity Advantage Fund – Growth Direct
Now among these, I have to choose the Top 5 to list it and as per that my list are as below.
Only four funds rather than Top 5 right? Yes, I am uncomfortable with other AMCs of the funds which I listed above after screening. Hence, I am sticking to only FOUR funds rather than 5 Funds in ELSS category.
Also, choose the above four funds as I listed above. Hence, IDFC will be my last choice and first will be ABSL Fund.
What about those who invested in ELSS funds based on my last year’s recommendation? You can keep an eye on those funds and if they consistently